Understanding the Jewish Feasts

Today is Palm Sunday.  Next Friday is Passover, “Good Friday,” the day after Passover begins the 7 day Feast of Unleavened Bread. The Feast of First fruits, “Easter,” is the second day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread; the 3rd day from Passover.

Palm Sunday is not a Feast, but a recognized event:

John 12: 1-71 Six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, the hometown of Lazarus, whom He had raised from the dead. 2 So they hosted a dinner for Jesus there. Martha served, and Lazarus was among those reclining at the table with Him. 3 Then Mary took about a pint of expensive perfume, made of pure nard, and she anointed Jesus’ feet and wiped them with her hair. And the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume.  4 But one of His disciples, Judas Iscariot, who was going to betray Him, asked, 5 “Why wasn’t this perfume sold for three hundred denarii and the money given to the poor?” 6 Judas did not say this because he cared about the poor, but because he was a thief.  As keeper of the money bag, he used to take from what was put into it.  7 “Leave her alone,” Jesus replied. “She was intended to keep this perfume to prepare for the day of My burialBerean

John 12: 12-15:  12 The next day the great crowd that had come to the feast heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem. 13 They took palm branches and went out to meet Him, shouting: 
“Hosanna!” “Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!”
“Blessed is the King of Israel!”
14 Finding a young donkey, Jesus sat on it, as it is written:  15 “Do not be afraid, O daughter of Zion.  See, your King is coming, seated on the colt of a donkey.”   Berean

John 12: 20-28:  20  Now there were some Greeks among those who went up to worship at the feast. 21 They came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, and requested of him, “Sir, we want to see Jesus.” 22 Philip relayed this appeal to Andrew, and both of them went and told Jesus. 23 But Jesus replied, “The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. 24 Truly, truly, I tell you, unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a seed; but if it dies, it bears much fruit. 25 Whoever loves his life will lose it, but whoever hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal life. 26 If anyone serves Me, he must follow Me; and where I am, My servant will be as well. If anyone serves Me, the Father will honor him.  27 Now My soul is troubled, and what shall I say? ‘Father, save Me from this hour’? No, it is for this purpose that I have come to this hour. 28 Father, glorify Your name!” Berean life-psuche-  mind soul; hates –miseo-love less

Genesis 3: 14, 15:  14 The LORD God said to the serpent,  “Because you have done this, Cursed are you more than all cattle, And more than every beast of the field; On your belly you will go, And dust you will eat All the days of your life; 15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman,  And between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, And you shall bruise him on the heel.”   NAS  cursed- arar-bind produce powerless

John 13:2, 10, 182 And supper being ended, the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray Him. 18 I am not speaking about all of you; I know whom I have chosen. But this is to fulfill the Scripture: ‘The one who eats bread with Me has lifted up his heel against Me.’ Berean

Passover:


Leviticus 23 5, 6: 
5 ‘In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight is the LORD’S Passover. 6 ‘Then on the fifteenthday of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Breadto the LORD; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread.  NAS

Exodus 12: 1-3, 5-8:   1 Now the LORD said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, 2This month is the beginning of months for you; it shall be the first month of your year3 Tell the whole congregation of Israel that on the tenth day of this month, each man must select a lamb for his family, one per household. 5 Your lamb must be an unblemished year-old male, and you may take it from the sheep or the goats. 6 You must care for it until the fourteenth day of the month, when the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel will slaughter the animals at twilight.*(Passover begins) 7 They are to take some of the blood and put it on the two sideposts and tops of the doorframes of the houses in which they eat the lambs.  8 They are to eat the meat that night, roasted over the fire, along with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.  Berean  * Emphasis added

Exodus 12: 12, 13:  12 On that night *(Passover) I will pass through the land of Egypt and strike down every firstborn male, both man and beast, and I will execute judgment against all the gods of Egypt. I am the LORD. 13 The blood on the houses where you are staying will distinguish them; when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No plague will fall on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.   Berean * emphasis added

John 12: 31:  Now judgment is upon this world; now the prince of this world will be cast out.  Berean Study

Feast of Unleavened Bread begins the day after Passover:

Exodus 12: 14, 15, 17a:   14 And this day will be a memorial for you, and you are to celebrate it as a feast to the LORD, as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come. 15 For seven days you must eat unleavened bread. On the first day you are to remove the yeast from your houses. Whoever eats anything leavened from the first day through the seventh must be cut off from Israel.  17 So you are to observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this very day I brought your divisions out of the land of Egypt. Berean   

Feast of First fruits is Easter Sunday:

1 Corinthians 15: 20:  But now Christ is risen from the dead, and has become the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleepNKJ

Romans 8: 29:   For those God foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brothers.   Berean Study


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